Gout is a painful form of arthritis that can affect different joints in the body. The underlying condition is called hyperuricemia and occurs when uric acid rises above normal levels.

Though uric acid occurs naturally in the body, too much of it causes crystals to form and deposit in the joints. This results in inflammation that causes pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness.
Gout flares often strike at night, and without any warning.

High uric acid levels (hyperuricemia) can cause crystals to deposit in the joints (rather than being flushed by the kidneys through the urine as it normally is). These deposits lead to inflammation of the joints, causing pain, swelling, and tenderness. During the attack, the affected area becomes red, hot, swollen, and very tender and symptoms can include a slight fever and chills.

Gout may be best known for causing severe pain in the toe, but attacks can occur in other parts of the body. Almost any joint can be affected, but the joints of the lower limbs are more often involved.


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